United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR)
The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) and the WCCD have established a formal collaboration to support the development of globally-standardized indicators for city resilience. UNISDR serves as the focal point for disaster risk reduction activities in the United Nations system. The organization supports the implementation, follow-up and review of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. The Sendai Framework is a 15-year voluntary, non-binding agreement that maps out a broad, people-centred approach to disaster risk reduction.
The Sendai Framework clearly identifies that action at the local level will be critical to achieve the seven Global Targets by 2030. With the world’s population now close to 55 percent urban, city governments are on the frontline of preparing for and dealing with the consequences of disasters and extreme events, especially given their concentrations of populations, infrastructure and economic activity.
UNISDR has driven major engagement at the local level to raise awareness and catalyse action for disaster risk reduction and to support local implementation of Sendai:
Development of the Disaster Resilience Scorecard for Cities, providing a set of assessments that allow local governments to monitor and review progress and challenges in the implementation of the Sendai Framework assess their disaster resilience. The Scorecard is structured around the Ten Essentials.
It was jointly identified by UNISDR and the WCCD that the development of the new ISO 37213 Standard (Indicators for Resilient Cities) can play an invaluable role in the local implementation of the Sendai Framework. Among a number of supporting applications, the ISO indicators can support and complement the practical application of the City Disaster Resilience Scorecard by cities.
To pursue this opportunity, UNISDR and the WCCD established a formal collaboration (Statement of Cooperation) to support the development of globally-standardized indicators for city resilience. The collaboration was announced at the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai Japan in March 2015.
Under the UNISDR-WCCD Statement of Cooperation, the overall objective is to support the development of practical, ISO-standardized indicators for city resilience and disaster risk reduction, driving local level action to achieve the Sendai Framework. To achieve the partnership objective, UNISDR and the WCCD have worked together on a series of systematic consultation activities to seek the input of key stakeholders critical to enhancing the practicality and effectiveness of the ISO 37123 Standard. These consultation activities have engaged with cities globally and with representatives of the (re)insurance industry and risk advisory sector. The outcomes of these consultations have been directly inputted into the final development of ISO 37123, due for publication in 2019.